EVALUACIÓN ECONÓMICA EN SALUD. COSTO- EFECTIVIDAD DE INTERVENCIONES CONTRA MUERTE NEONATAL EN TABASCO
Keywords:neonatal death, cost-effectiveness, hypoxia, low birth, decision tree
The latest report on the World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that annually kills more than 4 million children in the
neonatal period, step comprising the first 28 days old. The main causes of neonatal death and severe disabilities originate also
physical consequences is estimated that annually more than one million children survive to suffocation, but barely survive with
physical and cognitive disabilities. In Mexico, public health programs and the use of more technology have resulted in a
substantial reduction in neonatal mortality rates, although the level remains high. The main causes of neonatal death are hypoxia
and birth asphyxia, prematurity, low birth weight, hyaline membrane, bacterial sepsis, congenital malformations and some birth
In Tabasco, the main causes of neonatal death are: hypoxia, congenital problems, short gestation and low birth weight. The
research aims to conduct an economic evaluation of cost effectiveness of the main alternatives against neonatal death in
Tabasco. The results indicate that hypoxia interventions were more cost effective than those of low birth weight.
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