LA DINÁMICA DE LA POBREZA EN MÉXICO. UNA APROXIMACIÓN MULTIDIMENSIONAL
Keywords:Poverty, income, social deprivation, multidimensional approach
Globalization has brought poverty and inequality in the world. Currently Mexico is a worrying situation of poverty. The Mexican government has faced poverty through social welfare policy, public programs comprising various disjointed each other, which has involved substantial expenditure of fiscal resources without significant results. The main methodological problem of studies on poverty and inequality in the world, is the prevalence of static approaches, focusing mainly on the analysis of the income variable and social shortcomings. Therefore, the measurement of poverty, the result of these investigations, it does not explain either the nature or the origin of the problem itself, it only quantifies the number of households and the poor according to their income level face a welfare line and previously identified deficiencies basket. It is therefore necessary to investigate the problem from a multidimensional perspective that identifies its origin and dynamics. In this it is essential to apply quantitative methods and operations research tools. This paper aims to describe the new methodological approaches in the study of the dynamics of poverty. The methodology used is descriptive, focusing on operational research perspective.
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