CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO Y CONTAMINACIÓN AMBIENTAL COMO GENERADORES DE CRISIS ALIMENTARIA EN LA AMÉRICA ANDINA: UN ANÁLISIS EMPÍRICO PARA ECUADOR
Keywords:food sovereignty, farmlands, population growth, limate change, Ecuador
From the perspective of food sovereignty, this investigation has as main objective to investigate the relationship between population growth and agriculture lands of Ecuador (1970 – 2013). These elements combined with climate change and environmental pollution show that we are moving into a food crisis. This investigation has been done using MCO, VAR and GRANGER’s econometric model. Data sources are World Bank (2015) and Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (INAMHI). The results demonstrate an inverse and long term relation between arable lands and total population. Furthermore, there is a significant effect of CO2 emissions, temperature and precipitation on agricultural lands availability.
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